Air ambulance what to do and what not to do

Whether you are trying to find out if you really need medical air transportation, if you need help choosing a provider or if you are just curious about how to pay for services, these air ambulances will and will not. Help guide you through the process.

Do you need air transportation?

You have probably already discovered that not all situations are appropriate for air transport. In fact, most of the time it is quite obvious when a traditional ambulance will meet your needs. However, on other occasions, this decision can be a bit more complicated.

It is always a good idea to call and speak with an emergency medical professional to determine which form of transportation is right for you, but here are some general guidelines:

Earth Ambulance

  • If there is no life-threatening emergency
  • In cases where medical facilities are nearby
  • Individuals who may have whiplash
  • Broken bones
  • Small lacerations of the skin.
  • Travel time will be less than 30 minutes.

Air travel

  • The patient's condition is critical.
  • The hospital is far
  • People involved in serious car accidents
  • Injuries with significant blood loss.
  • Severe heart conditions
  • Hits
  • The individual needs an organ transplant.
  • Travel time will be more than 30 minutes.

What to do and what not to do

DO : Call ahead first. If your situation is not listed above, a medical professional can help you decide.

DON & # 39; T : Try to assess the severity of your injuries on your own! Always rely on the opinions of medical experts and first responders.

Choose a provider

Selecting an air ambulance provider can be a bit overwhelming. There are many factors to consider, such as: safety practices, professional qualifications and even the level of attention that the company can provide.

A good rule of thumb is to choose providers that are located near major airports or large cities. In this way, logistical problems and optimized travel times can be avoided for greater efficiency.

You may also want to consult the company's policies regarding additional passengers and pets, all of which must be resolved in advance to allow you to make additional arrangements if necessary.

In the end, the final decision will be based on your own particular circumstances, but you should leave it with the confidence that the company can provide you with superior attention.

What to do and what not to do

DO : Observe factors such as safety, qualifications and level of attention. Each company has its own standards and guidelines.

DO : Ask about additional passenger and pet policies in advance. If necessary, you will want to have enough time to make other arrangements.

DON & # 39; T : Choose companies away from major airports or cities. Adding unnecessary travel time can deny the benefits of air travel.

DON & # 39; T : Choose a company that leaves you feeling uncomfortable. If you feel this way now, there is no reason to believe that you will feel different later.

How to pay for services

The company can help you determine how to pay for services. Sometimes insurance will cover this type of transportation. In other cases, you are expected to cover the expenses on your own. Requesting quotes from multiple suppliers is a good way to avoid being scammed.

What to do and what not to do

DO : Ask the flight director if the services will be covered by your insurance.

DO : Get multiple quotes. Many companies offer quick quotes online that can save you time.

DON & # 39; T : Be fooled by simply taking the company's word for expenses. Talk to your insurance provider too.

DON & # 39; T : Make the mistake of trying to discover these details after the fact. By then, you may encounter a financial emergency!

You should now have a good idea on how to find out if you really need medical air transportation, how to choose a provider and what you should do to pay for these services.

Easy ideas that get cheaper airfares

Finding cheaper air fares is a bit like looking for the Holy Grail, almost impossible, because the reality is that the cheapest air ticket doesn't really exist, per se. What I mean by this? There are so many permutations to obtain cheap national flights or cheap international flights, such as the route, different airlines, travel class, seats, travel dates and times, etc., especially on international flights, that no travel agency or airline could guarantee that You are getting the cheapest air fares.

This means that you should not look for the cheapest air fares, but rather cheaper air fares that meet your own travel requirements in terms of time, comfort, convenience, etc. In other words, once you are quite satisfied with a plane ticket, it is better to book it and pay it immediately instead of wasting time looking for something that could only save you a few extra dollars, considering that if you cannot find it cheaper , your original The agreement could have been picked up by another person.

Ideally, if you regularly use a trusted travel agent to book your trip and vacation, you can give them details of what you want and trust that they will show you the lowest airfare currently available for the flight criteria you specify. If you do not benefit from access to a reliable and reliable travel agent, here are my Easy Ideas to get cheaper airfares:

Buy your ticket as soon as possible: fares often start to increase 21 days before the flight. The earlier you book your flight, the more chances you will have to find a cheaper airfare. Try to book a Tuesday or Wednesday to benefit from increased price competition.

Buy a round-trip ticket and travel with an airline: round-trip tickets are usually cheaper than one-way tickets, and it is often cheaper to book all stages of your trip on a single airline, rather than a combination from several airlines.

Stay on a Saturday night: itineraries that include a stay on Saturday night are sometimes much cheaper than mid-week trips. If you plan to return on a Saturday, consider delaying your return to Sunday and see if the rate drops.

Choose an inconvenient flight schedule: try different times of the night or day on different dates for the flight. Mid-morning and late-afternoon flights are often full, so try to specify flights that leave very early in the morning or very late at night to see if there are cheaper airfares available. Flying on a Tuesday, Wednesday or Saturday can sometimes be cheaper because these are less popular days to fly on some routes.

Avoid traveling during or during vacation periods: it is sad, but it is true that during vacation periods it is difficult to find a cheaper solution. Try to schedule flights on less popular days, for example, avoid traveling during Christmas or Thanksgiving when considering traveling on the days before or after these dates.

Use an alternative airport: Try using alternative airports near your intended destination to see if there are cheaper fares available for another airport. For example, in the United Kingdom, fares in London Stanstead are often cheaper than flying to London Heathrow or Gatwick.

Take advantage of promotions and sales: enter immediately when promotions are announced online because the cheapest flights will sell quickly. Sign up to receive airline newsletters and travel alerts or join organizations that offer discounts on certain airlines.

Suggestions: In Australia, some of the best last-minute flight deals can be found on cheap domestic flights where Jetstar has a weekly "Fare Frenzy" from 4pm to 8pm every Friday and Virgin Blue has its daily "Happy Hour" at noon . While it is not an exhaustive list of tips for getting the cheapest airfare, using the above methods will certainly save you a lot of money on your next flight.

Remember that different airlines follow different fare rules, so these guidelines may not apply to all itineraries, but try one or more of the above tips and see if you can find a better fare. A coronary is not granted when spending hours looking for the cheapest air fare bar, none is available. It is much better to have an idea of ​​your budget and travel requirements and then book the cheapest air fare that comes closest to meeting them.

Delayed flight: only insurance can cover it

If you are an airline traveler, you have probably experienced a delay.

Of course, a delay in air travel can mean different things to different people. For some, it is an annoying inconvenience. Still others incur more than this. Business people can lose deals and related money; Vacation travelers may miss days of their adventure, students, miss classes and the individual list of damages continues according to the person.

If you think you have a chance at a lawsuit, think again.

Airlines do not legally owe you a penny of compensation for any suffering or loss if your scheduled flight is delayed. This is due to the fact that airlines do not guarantee flight schedules. Of course, doing this would put them in serious trouble because, like all of us, they are not able to change wind or hail patterns or avoid snowstorms, hurricanes or any form of bad weather that can interrupt air travel, schedules Departure, and as arrival time In addition, mechanical problems may appear, apparently out of nowhere.

The responsibility for the above events is out of the picture when it comes to scheduled flights.

"It's just out of our control," says everyone in the airline industry, from executives to pilots and flight attendants, maintenance men and booking agents.

While an airline can do everything possible to provide food and drinks during a flight delay, or even coupons for a discount at the local hotel or motel, it is a rare event to see them compensate a passenger for a plane trip postponed, regardless of passengers & # 39; Important meeting or lost vacation time.

So how does a traveler protect himself from losses suffered by a delayed flight?

The answer, my travel companion, is travel insurance that includes travel delay coverage.

Designed to compensate the delayed air passenger for food and shelter costs during a covered stopover, this type of insurance protects when the delay is due to:

• bad weather that prevents the exact time of departure and arrival
• Lack of important documents of a passenger, such as a visa passport
• A sick passenger who needs to be quarantined.
• Skyjacking or kidnapping or terrorism
• Sudden strikes of airline employees
• Natural disasters or catastrophes.
• Civil unrest
• Travel stops imposed by government officials as a result of a state of emergency or weather conditions.

Travel time is never a guaranteed guarantee. However, acquiring the right type of insurance coverage can protect you from related losses.

Talk to an independent agency with experience about travel insurance that includes coverage for airline delays.

How to avoid getting sick on a plane flight

While traveling can be exciting and enjoyable, getting sick can easily hamper the flight experience and, ultimately, a vacation. Air sickness is a form of movement sickness that is very common. Air disease occurs when the central nervous system receives conflicting messages from the body, which causes balance and balance to be lost. This disease affects travelers with symptoms such as nausea, sweating, vomiting, hot flashes and chills. However, there are some things you can do to reduce the risk of illness on your flight.

The first thing you can do before leaving your home is to make sure you wear the right clothes to fly. Any tight clothing around your neck or abdomen can contribute to the symptoms of nausea. Your clothes should be baggy, comfortable and in thin layers. Any cotton garment is ideal as it is breathable and comfortable.

You will also want to avoid eating a heavy meal before a flight if you are prone to dizziness. Heavy, fatty and spicy foods can make nausea worse and cause indigestion. The best foods to eat before flying are light, non-greasy and non-spicy. Instead of eating a full meal, try to eat soups or salads; You can even eat a small cut of meat.

Another thing you can do is choose a seat with a softer ride, usually a seat near the wing. Seats in this area have fewer bumps during flights than the rest of the plane. The wing area is ideal for those who are prone to motion sickness.

While sitting facing forward, focus on distant objects instead of trying to read or look at something else that is close to you.

If you experience nausea during a flight, bring some crackers. You can also request hot tea, ginger ale or any other light soda to help calm your stomach. Avoid chewing gum and candy with the exception of mints. Sucking a lemon is also good for drying your mouth and reducing nausea.

If you feel dizzy during takeoff or landing, lie down, close your eyes and breathe deeply. Once in the air, your body's balance should return to normal.

If all else fails and you get sick continuously during flights, you can request a prescription from your doctor. There are several medications that you can prescribe or recommend to relieve the symptoms of air disease, including meclizine, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine, scopolamine and ginger capsules.

Travel planning for a trip to the exotic state of Chhattisgarh

Bounded by Orissa in the east, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in the north, Madhya Pradesh in the west and Telengana in the south, the state of Chhattisgarh was carved as a new state of the former Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 2000 as India & # 39; s 26th state. The state that is important from both the geological and archaeological perspective got its name from Chedisgarh, which means Raj or Empire of the Chedis (Kalchury Dynasty).

How to get there?

Chhattisgarh is well connected from the rest of the country by road, rail and air. It has 11 national roads that pass through the state, which are approximately 2,184 km long. Then there are the state roads and other main roads of the district that are about 8,031 km long.

The railway network that extends throughout the state is mainly in the area of ​​the southeastern central railway, with the zonal headquarters in Bilaspur. Many trains on the important Mumbai-Howrah route pass through the state. The main railway stations are Mahasamund, Bilaspur, Durg, Raipur, Champa and Rajnandgaon.

The air infrastructure in Chhattisgarh is thinner compared to other states. Swami Vivekananda airport in Raipur is its only airport with commercial air operation. There is also an on-demand air taxi service available from Raipur to Korba, Jagdalpur, Raigarh, Ambikapur and Jashpur.

There are a number of bus operators operating on the popular Raipur-Nagpur and Bilaspur-Jagdalpur-Bailadila routes and operating the Volvo – 2X2 and 2X1 bus services.

Sights

The main travel destinations in Chhattisgarh are Bastar, Banjari Chowk Baba, Amarkantak, Chitrakoot, Kangerghati National Park, Indravati National Park, Jagdalpur, Ratanpur and many more.

You should see

Tourism in Chhattisgarh has many dimensions. From prehistoric caves and ancient sites of archaeological importance, to wild national parks, scintillating waterfalls and the cultural heritage of the tribes, tourism in Bastar has the potential to make it large and attract visitors from all over the world, although the infrastructure needs to be developed to support that.

Ancient caves

The Kanger Valley National Park, which is a mixture of mountainous terrain and dense forests in the heart of the tribal district of Bastar, houses a series of ancient caves. The cave is normally closed in Monsoon and normally opens during Bastar Lokotsav. Another, buried deep in the forest near the Tiratgarh waterfalls is the Kailash Gufa, which is an underground cave and has a spectacular formation of stalactites and stalagmites. Another cave that sits on top of a hill is the Dandak Cave. You have to climb about 500 steps to get there.

Waterfalls

Chhattisgarh has some of the most beautiful waterfalls in India. These include the Chitrakoot waterfall in Tiratgarh, the Madawa waterfall, the Ghoomar waterfall, the Bodhdhara Saat Dhaara waterfall and the Jashpur Danpuri waterfall.

Palaces

Kawardha Palace is an impressive 20th century palace made of Italian marble and stone. It was built by Maharaj Dharamraj Singh. Durbar's main hall, a magnificent vaulted room with Corinthian pillars, is open to all.

Kanker Palace is a small palace (only 3 evaluations) that was originally the House of the Resident in the British Raj, but now it is the main residence of the royal family.

Bastar Palace is a 70-year-old palace that is still used by the former royal family to reside in one part. The other part is used for medical school.

Temples

Chhattisgarh has several famous temples. Many of them are in the Bastar district as the Kanger Chandi temple. Others are found in Dongargarh (Mahamaya Temple), Ratanpur (Durg temples) and other cities.

Dargah Sharif

Chhattisgarh has many famous and revered Dargah (mazaar or tomb) of the Sufis. These include the Dargah of Hazrat Sayyed Insaan Ali Shah Baba in Lutra Sharif, near Seepat Bilaspur and the Dargah of Hazrat Sher Ali Aga in Banjari Chowk, Raipur.

Tribal culture

Chhattisgarh has a very rich tribal culture. It is home to many tribes, many of whom have been living in Bastar for thousands of years. The main tribes in Chhattisgarh are Gond, Halba, Para, Muria, Kawar, Dhurra, Kamar, etc.

Wildlife

The mountainous terrain, deep gorges, the densest forests outside the Amazon and seasonal wildflowers make up the perfect environment for a varied species of wildlife. Bastar has a great variety of birds, both resident and migratory. Enough Myna, the state bird, is an expert imitator and talkative, who is here. Other common birds are Jungle Crow, Patridges, Cattle Egret, Pond Heron, Babblers, Parrots, Parakeets, etc. The main wildlife species are Chinkara, Sambhar, Deer, Hyen, etc. The view of wild bears is common, even in cities like Kanker. The reptiles that are commonly found here are Cobra india, Krait, Python, etc.

Local delicacies

Rakhia Badi and Petha are local favorites, especially among the tribal population, as they are prepared from fruits commonly found in forests. Jalebi is popular in general, since Chhattisgarhi like to eat something sweet after eating. There are several restaurants and restaurants in Chhatisgarh, even in the main cities of Raipur, Bilaspur and Durg-Bhilai, that can help you try them.

Pasiya (starch) is a locally popular drink that keeps it fresh during the summer and is full of carbohydrates.

Chhattisgarh offers exotic and almost virgin tourist places for visitors, however, given the lack of adequate infrastructure, it is very important to plan ahead. There are a number of good travel agencies in Raipur that know these areas like the palm of your hand and can plan the various components, such as booking tickets, hotels, food, etc. Take the help of an expert. It is always cheaper.

Travel as much as you can: break the boredom of life

We all get fed up with the monotony of our routine lives. Going to work, arriving home exhausted and preparing for the next day is exhausting, to say the least. The only respite you get from the repetitiveness of everyday life is a vacation in an exotic and distant place. Therefore, it is not really surprising when you book flights to a destination you always wanted to visit and when you get international air tickets, it feels like you won the lottery. Here we explain why traveling and taking a break from time to time may be good for you.

Your mind remains sharp
Traveling to an exciting destination can keep your mind sharp and strengthen the health of your brain. Putting your brain in front of new environments and unusual experiences improves concentration and memory.

It gives you some time alone
Entering an adventure gives you the space to breathe that you deserve to restore the calm and serenity you need, back to your life. You can spend time with the people you love, so it is a great relief for stress.

Promote your mental and physical health
Instead of sitting day after day behind the TV or behind a laptop, traveling gives you the exercise and activity you need to get your body going. The physical movement itself reduces the feeling of depression, minimizes blood pressure and the risk of heart disease.

Keep your creative juices flowing
If you are waiting for inspiration or motivation to hit it, try going on vacation to an exotic place. It causes synapses in the brain and increases your level of creativity. The better it adapts to new cultures and environments, the more creative it will be.

Amazing catches flight deals
People prefer to complete their travel expeditions arriving at their destinations by air. It is faster and very convenient. International air tickets help you save a lot and even offer you some interesting offers. You do not have to worry too much about the flight fare as you satisfy your desire to travel.

It keeps you happy
When you interact with the locals and they are friendly and welcoming, you also feel cheerful and in a good mood. You may even find that your own problems are less important when you review what people of different races, ethnicities and places go through.

Expand your perspective
When you travel, you expand your perspective and are more open to the world and even to yourself. Traveling puts you in situations that you don't find in real life and, therefore, you are forced to live outside your comfort zone. It helps you to look at life from a different perspective.

Air cargo: an easy way to change

Overview

Air freight is the shipment and transfer of goods through an airline that can be commercial or charter. Such shipments can travel from commercial and passenger aviation entry doors to any place where plans can fly and land. The global air cargo market report is segmented by type of aircraft and cargo item. The aircraft type segment is further segmented into express, all cargo, ad hoc cargo and charter carrier, and combination. The cargo items segment is further segmented into pharmaceuticals, machinery and electrical equipment, aircraft parts and others.

Market dynamics

The growing economic activity and world trade is one of the most important economic drivers for the global air cargo market. Although economic conditions have been moderate in recent years, they have recently begun to improve. Air transport has remained an indispensable tool for the transport of time-sensitive products, such as perishable goods, high value and low weight goods, including consumer electronics, couture apparel, pharmaceuticals, industrial machinery and intermediate goods of high value, as as auto parts.

The global air cargo market grew 6.9% year-on-year in 2017, which is more than its average five-year growth rate. The APAC region had the largest market share with more than 40% of the total market in 2016 and increased 7.5% year-on-year, with China leading with 15% of the total market share, and expected to continue in the future. Mature markets, such as North America and Europe, have begun to recover from the global economic crisis and show promising signs of growth. This is evident by their growth rates, which are 8.7% and 8.5%, respectively.

The increase in fuel prices has a complex effect in this market and air transport has become more expensive. However, it is also driving the need for more efficient airplanes, which has created a market for advanced cargo-only flights. Of the current global cargo fleet, 61% has been converted from old passenger flights. However, this is gradually changing and will have a positive impact on the market, since the performance, efficiency and reliability of the new specially designed freighters are expected to exceed the low purchase prices of large converted freighters in the long term, especially for intercontinental operations, where high load density, larger payloads and extended reach are crucial.

Segmentation

The analysis of the report analyzes the current composition of the cargo fleets of several major airlines around the world, segregating them according to their size, such as wide-body aircraft, very large aircraft and narrow-body aircraft, throughout America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Middle East. The market has been segmented based on aircraft and cargo items.

A closer look at what inspired hot air balloon safaris in the Serengeti

On September 19, 1783, a scientist named Pilatre De Rozier launched the first hot air balloon called "Aerostat Reveillon." For obvious reasons, the passengers on this particular trip were a sheep, a duck and a rooster. The balloon managed 15 minutes in the air before falling back to earth with a thunderous crash. The first manned attempt came two months later, on November 21, with a balloon built by two French brothers, Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier.

Launched from the center of Paris, the balloon flew for twenty minutes. And that was the birth of the hot air balloon! If you've ever wanted a balloon ride over the natural habitat and beauty of the African game, this article will help you explore what to expect in a Serengeti balloon safari centuries after the first flight.

The most fascinating thing about the hot air balloon is that centuries after its invention, it still flies and attracts more and more enthusiasts. It makes you wonder: there must be something incredibly special about it. The novelist Jules Verne, generally considered an important literary author in France and most of Europe in the nineteenth century, dreamed of flying in a balloon, but it was not until 1962 when his dream came true with some balloon safari organizations emerging in East Africa, all of whom express plans to review their balloon safari are offered to accommodate more enthusiasts.

Considered an impressive experience, ballooning serves as a great opportunity to see wildlife, breathtaking landscapes and mountains and cascading rivers from an aerial view. Since its birth in East Africa in the 1960s, millions have been involved in adventure over the years. According to historians, balloon safaris began about 100 years after Julio Verne wrote his book "Five weeks in a balloon."

Antony Smith, a hot air balloon; and Sir Alan Root, a photographer and film director, flew successfully in a hot air balloon from Zanzibar into Tanzania and later, through the Serengeti and the Great Rift Valley. That expedition inspired Sir Alan Root to produce the movie "Safari by Balloon," which was seen by approximately 98 million people in 28 countries.

His wishes, however, did not end there. In January 1976, Smith felt that people visiting the Maasai Mara could enjoy picturesque views from a hot air balloon. After the first flight took off that year from Keekorok Lodge in Mara, thousands have taken notes on the wildlife they saw from the skies, throughout the region, including the impressive wonders of the Great Serengeti.

Benefits of low cost airlines

The changing economy has brought about a radical change in airline operations throughout India as air travel is becoming affordable. Low-budget travelers, who previously chose trains instead of flights, can now choose to travel by plane without pinching their pickets. Statistics show that the proportion of low-cost carriers (LCC) has increased significantly in recent years, mainly because corporate travelers are switching to LCC due to the economic slowdown. In an attempt to recover these customers, airline operators have introduced low-cost airways. Full-service operators have no way to reduce their prices, which means that the only strategy is to launch cheap flights or transfer their flights to the low-cost wing. However, the movement seems to be beneficial for consumers as discussed below.

The biggest advantage of low-cost airlines is that the common consumer or, rather, the economic traveler can expect to travel by plane. Air travel is no longer a dream for the common man. Low-cost air services do not involve expensive luxuries, such as complimentary food and drinks. Instead, customers can buy their meals and soft drinks on board. They have a wide range of vegetarian and non-vegetarian items, snacks and drinks to choose from. Some airlines even allow passengers to carry their food. Low cost airlines also allow customers to get low fares with premium brands. Many offer shuttle services, including air-conditioned buses to take their customers to the aircraft.

Although frequent flyer benefits are not available with all LCCs, some airlines provide these benefits, allowing customers to earn miles and redeem them easily. While most premium airlines focus on metropolitan cities, LCCs have also expanded air connectivity to two-tier cities. The economic services of the LCC cover short routes that involve cities, such as Kochi, Coimbatore, Madurai, as well as major cities such as Chennai, Bengaluru, Delhi and Hyderabad. In fact, this low-cost air services initiative is a new trend in the airline industry. Another advantage is that consumers can book their tickets online. They can compare the fares of the tickets and know the price difference to optimize their economic benefits. You can use secure online portals to book, pay and print your tickets in minutes. Mobile ticket options are an additional convenience as consumers can book their tickets and check the status of the flight in motion.

According to aviation forecasts, low-cost airlines in India will take over more than half of the national market share. The disadvantages of cheap air travel are few. For example, customers may have to commit to some legroom due to fairly crowded seats and luxury services. LCCs may not allow flexible transit between different airlines or airlines. However, the advantages are greater than the disadvantages, as evidenced by the rapid pace at which LCCs are gaining their market share. Simply put, low-cost airlines offer quality service, reliable operations and standard services.

Memories of the mid-nineties of the former Rhinebeck airfield

While the types of aircraft at the former Rhine Pavilion airfield in Cole Palen have changed over the years due to weekend use, maintenance, renovation and the need to enter and exit the semi-retirement, some They were synonyms for air show and year. This article discusses one from the mid-1990s.

As I passed through the weather portal of the covered bridge, I entered the undulating grass field that remembered the storm on a Sunday in October 1996. Immediately beyond the box office was the Curtiss Model D biplane in a small patch of grass, no away from the Canteen of the Aerodrome and Store of yellow and white stripes.

Faced on the short fence were airplanes representing the pioneer eras of the First World War and the Golden Age under a crystalline blue sky, the first in a series of successive weekends to have offered such an ideal climate, while the surrounding trees were autumn. dyed and burned chestnut, lemon and lime. The original hangar, without walls, indicated by the designation "Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome 1", was on the other side of the field and the first, I learned later, that founder of the Cole Palen airfield, whose philosophy was to "keep the dream alive" by keeping Airplanes Centenarians in heaven, he was the first one he built.

The aromas of the airfield cafeteria, as always, invited me to lunch, which generally consisted of a hamburger full of fried onions, sliced ​​and pickled tomatoes, of the "free fixing" bar and a side of French fries.

The air show of the "First World War" on Sunday, unlike the "History of flight" on Saturday, took place between 1430 and 1600, and the optimal view was from the seats in the middle of the field, facing the wood . stage.

It began, as they both did, with a vintage fashion show, whose voluntary audience was changed to a vintage dress in the red van, cradled on the track, and the atmosphere, setting the stage for the early twentieth century, was enhanced by several of the early twentieth century. vehicles in operation, in this case, a Renault Touring Car 1909, a 1911 Baker Electric, a 1914 Ford Model T, a 1916 Studebaker and a 1929 Franklin.

Although the air show itself featured features, characters and pranks that attracted the public, such as the rocket man, the large bicycle, the Delsey dive, the balloon explosion, a parachute jump, the Black Baron, Trudy Truelove, Madame Fifi and dogfight drills, the stars on the air stage were the planes, which were original fuselages or reproductions with original engines.

From the era of World War I, these included the Avro 504K of Great Britain, the Nieuport 11 of France, the triplane Fokker Dr. 1 and D.VII with their painting scheme of Swabian Seven of Germany, and the Curtiss JN- 4H Hispano-Suiza Jenny with US engine UU. today.

There were also several of the Golden Age era.

The first of them was the Pitcairn Mailwing. The catalyst for the design was the award on January 29, 1927 of Route 19 of the Air Mail Contract (CAM), between New York and Atlanta, to Pitcairn Aviation, which chose to employ a fleet of PA-5 Mailwing aircraft that he Same produced. Based on the configuration of its predecessor PA-4, it incorporated a closed, fireproof, 26 cubic foot front cabin capable of transporting up to 500 pounds of express, but which could maintain a center of gravity that only varied by one inch if It will be left empty.

Powered by a 220 hp Wright J5-9 engine, it sported a 33-foot upper wing and a 30-foot lower wing, whose collective area was 252 square feet, and the plane, with a gross weight of 2,620 pounds and a weight 1.008 pounds useful, could climb to 100 fpm and reach speeds of up to 131 mph in level flight.

Bryn Athyn left his factory six months later, on June 17, he wore his black fuselage and golden wings, which were staggered and the lower part incorporated dihedral.

"Until that time, airmail planes had been like heavy duty and determined mail trucks, strictly utilitarian in appearance, heavy on controls," according to Frank Kingston Smith in "Legacy of Wings: The Harold E. Pitcairn Story "(Jason Aronson, Inc, 1981, p. 109). "On the contrary, the black and gold Pitcairn was a poem overhead, spinning and spinning effortlessly, light and fast at the controls, a twinkling artist, but obviously with the strength to handle turbulent conditions."

Subsequently awarded Route 25 of the Air Mail Contract, between Atlanta and Miami, on November 19, Pitcairn Aviation finally covered the east coast.

With much demand, Mailwing was ordered by other carriers to operate its own mail routes, including Colonial Air Transport from Boston to New York, Texas Air Transport and Clifford Ball.

The example of the old Rhinebeck represented the slightly stretched PA-7. Designed to meet the growing demand for mail transport, this Super Mailwing, which incorporates an important line pilot recommendation, began as the 50th PA-6 in the production line, but introduced a modified front fuselage profile for increase the speed and stability of the flight, a two-foot increase in length to 23.9 feet, a rounded rudder and wing tips, a 240 hp Wright J6-7 engine, a 42 cubic foot mail compartment, a payload of 630 pounds and a gross weight of 3,050 pounds, as opposed to the 2,620 of the PA-5.

Another type of the Golden Age in the air show circuit, although with origins on the other side of the Atlantic, was that of Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth.

It can trace its roots to the "solution" that Sir Geoffrey de Havilland looked for in the two previous light sport aircraft he designed, but could not provide the performance he conceptualized, including the DH.53 Humming Bird single-seat, low-wing monoplane . of 1923 and the DH.51 biplane from two to three seats two years later.

The latter served as the basis of a double-scale reduced-scale biplane designated as DH.60 Moth with the appropriate 60 hp engine that optimized it for instructional and background flight. Of great success, it was produced by thousands between 1925 and the mid-1930s.

Using a Gipsy engine, whose development took place at the end of the decade, the next DH.71 was a tiny, single-place, low-wing monoplane with a wingspan of all 19 feet, but could reach 19,191 service ceilings feet and speed records of 186.47 mph. However, the most important thing was the fact that it was the first design to bear the name of "Tiger Moth".

Causing a series of iterations and modifications, it culminated in the definitive DH.82 Tiger Moth after its prototype, registered G-ABRC, flew for the first time on October 26, 1931 and the Royal Air Force adopted it as its basic trainer. One hundred thirty-five were built.

An order for 50 of an improved version followed at the end of 1934. Designated DH.82A, it operated with a 130 hp Gipsy Major 1 engine, incorporated two tandem open cabins and featured swept and staggered wings mounted with dihedral. With a gross weight of 1,825 pounds, it could climb to 635 fpm, reach a speed of 104 mph and had a service ceiling of 14,000 feet.

Although the type was handed over to elementary and reserve flight schools operated by civilians, its usefulness was just beginning. With the outbreak of World War II, production was unprecedented. After 1,424 DH.82A were built, the assembly was transferred from Hatfield to Morris Motors, Ltd., in Cowley, Oxford, in 1941, where 3,433 additional aircraft were built, followed by 1,533 in Canada, 132 in New Zealand and 1,095 in Australia.

After the war, the market was saturated with this former military coach.

"From that moment, Tiger Moth was engaged in a wide variety of aerial works," according to AJ Jackson in "The Havilland Tiger Moth" (Profile Publications, 1966, p. 12), "including instructional flight, trailer gliders, paratroopers, or banner trailers around the world, but will be remembered primarily for their pioneering work in establishing agricultural aviation as a new and prosperous industry. "

Two of the Tiger Moths that performed at the Old Rhinebeck weekend air shows were owned by the now deceased Bill King and Mike Maniatis.

Another staple of the mid to late 1990s in the skies of Old Rhinebeck was the Great Lakes sports coach, registered NC304Y.

Built by the Great Lakes Aircraft Corporation of Cleveland, Ohio, in early 1929 to serve as a small double-seat trainer, it was a cloth-covered biplane from a single bay powered by an 85 hp Cirrus II inline engine designated as 2 -T-1, which first flew in prototype form in March.

As a highly maneuverable aircraft, it had the world record for the number of consecutive external loops, a total of 131, in its 2-T-1a appearance.

Due to its popularity, it was re-produced in 1970 and then in 2011, incorporating new construction materials, from fir to Douglas fir and metal, and significantly improved instrumentation and engines.

"The versions of the Great Lakes and the Great Baby Lakes have been built by several companies and individuals since the golden age, which underlines how much these beautiful machines mean for modern generations," according to Mike Vines in "Back to Rhinebeck: Flying Vintage Airplanes "(Airlife Publishing, Ltd ,, 1998, p. 57). "(The) Great lakes 2T-1MS, NC304Y, serial number 191, dating from 1930, began life as a 2-T-1E with an ACE Cirrus Hi-Drive inverted motor in a four-hp 95-hp line. A change to a Menasco Private of 125 hp officially makes it a 2T-1MS model.NC304Y was always a great favorite of the Cole … & # 39; & # 39;

Another basic element of the Golden Age was the Travel Air, whose Model A was produced by the Travel Air Manufacturing Company established in 1925 in Wichita, Kansas.

Designed as an improved successor with a metal frame from the previous wooden Swallow, it featured a fuselage of a steel tube covered in cloth, double cabins open in tandem (although a bench seat in the front could theoretically accommodate two passengers), and stepped , N – Reinforcement beads. However, the characteristic features of the Fokker D. VII fighter of the First World War in Germany, including spoilers and rudders with hanging horns, which served to counteract aerodynamic drag during flight surface deviations, increase rates, increased their performance. aircraft response and provides a lighter pilot control feeling. They also gave the guy his characteristic vertical tail appearance "elephant ear."

Due to its simplicity of construction, reliability, capacity, durability, efficiency and performance, it surpassed all rival types during the 1920s and 1930s, only seriously competed with Waco's own designs, and found numerous applications, from stunt flights to thunderstorms, air races, sports and flying in bushes, and air taxiing. Together with the Stearman Kaydet, it was the most used crop duster.

Also often in the air show skies of Old Rhinebeck was the "Lucky 7" Stampe SV.4B by Gene DeMarco.

Based on the initial SV.4 built by Stampe et Vertongen in Antwerp, Belgium, which flew in 1933, this two-place and highly swept biplane coach was driven, in its SV.4B version, by a Renault 4- of 140 horses of force PO5 engine. Equipped with a 145 hp Havilland Gipsy Major X or Blackburn Cirrus Major X engine, its SV.4B counterpart, with a wingspan of 27.6 feet and an area of ​​194.4 square feet, had a gross weight of 1,697 pounds. Its maximum speed was 116 mph and its service ceiling was 20,000 feet.

Although its production was modest, representing 35 cells before World War II and 65 after it, its acquisition by Stampe et Renard, along with examples built under license from SV.4C in France and Algeria with Renault 4-Pei 140 hp Power plants produced another 940 produced between 1948 and 1955 to meet the need for a French primary coach.

Another frequent player in the mid-1990s in the air show skies was the Davis D-1W. Following its roots in the V-3, it was produced by Davis Aircraft Corporation, established by Walter C. Davis after he bought and merged Vulcan Aircraft Company and Doyle Aero Company. Acquiring the rights of Vulcan American Moth, he produced a parasol monoplane modified by engineer Dwight Huntington and certified on September 6, 1929.

Although the improved Davis W-1 that appeared two months later, on November 8, offered a promise, the Wall Street Crash of 1929, along with a fire that destroyed the hangar and the company's production facilities, forced him to cease operations

With a fuselage of welded steel tube, covered in fabric, rectangular and a two-arm umbrella wing 30.2 feet high, propped up in the lower fuselage, the Davis D-1W operated with a seven-cylinder, 125-cylinder engine. horsepower, Warren Scarab air-cooled radial engine. Mainly used in private and sports flight locations, it had a maximum weight of 1,461 pounds, speed of 142 mph and a range of 480 miles.

The N532K plane flew regularly in Old Rhinebeck.

"(El) Davis D-1W, dating from 1929, would have originally been equipped with a 110 hp Warner radio, hence the designation" W ", according to Vines (ibid, p. 127)." In fact, it now works with a 125 hp Warner power station. This classic sports plane was conceived by the Vulcan Aircraft Company as the American response to the success of the Havilland & # 39; s Moth biplanes series in England. They were more important when former automaker Walter Davis acquired manufacturing rights, but due to the economic climate of the time, only about sixty of these beautiful monoplanes with umbrellas were built. "

None of the air shows of the First World War of the nineties and even those of the next decade were completed without Stan Segalla, who was called "the flying farmer" and who flew a Canary yellow Piper Cub PA-11 of 1947 registered N4568M.

A World War II veteran who flew in Old Rhinebeck in the summer and taught the art of acrobatic maneuvers on a Decathlon 180 in Venice, Florida, in the winter, he owned about 39 single-engine aircraft, taught more than 10,000 pilots and recorded more than 21,000 hours in more than half a century in the sky.

While the aircraft always occupied the center of the stage at the airfield, it was he, as a person of comic skill, who did so, his act always beginning with an ignorant and "anonymous" disguised staff member chasing after the Piper Cub, which, controlled by Segalla, he turned around and escaped his capture on the ground. The pranks in the air, the maneuvers and the landings of a single wheel and punctualization emphasized the definitive fusion of man and machine, since the airplane became nothing less than an extension of him.

One of the original members of the Cole Palen team that shaped and transformed the vintage aviation experience for rookie spectators, retired in 2008 and got rid of the sullen ties of the earth eight years later at age 91.

"A fixed element at the airfield since its inception," according to a statement by Old Rhinebeck, "Stanley could always be found on Sundays tormenting the crowd, before escaping back into the Piper Cub and surprising the spectators. '' One-Shot-Gatling & # 39; & # 39; was popular during the first heyday of the air show, piloting the Avro 504K in support of Sir Percy in the eternal saga that took place every weekend in the skies over Rhinebeck As a pilot of a pilot, Stan raised everyone around him with his experience and ability to control everything that flew in. He loved to take any participant before and after the shows, often posing as a complete routine in your Puppy. or Decathlon, always a smile on the passenger's face when he brought them back to the flight line. "

While the pioneer aircraft at the former Rhinebeck airfield took center stage at their "History of Flight" air shows on Saturday and their World War I designs did so in their Sunday "First World War" performances, these 1920s and 1930s planes, which often participated in both, could have deserved their own "Golden Age Air Show."

Article sources:

Jackson, Aubrey Joseph. Havilland's tiger moth. Leatherhead, Surrey, England: Profile publications, 1966.

Smith, Frank Kingston. Legacy of Wings: The Harold F. Pitcairn Story. New York: Jason Aronson, Inc., 1981.

Vines, Mike. Return to Rhinebeck. Shrewsbury, England: Airlife Publishing, Ltd., 1998.