When you hear the word bulrush, do you think about cattails? Strange enough, most people do. However, there are some differences between the two, although cohabitation is not unheard. Cattails are known to invade a wetland much faster than bulrushes that take over large expansions in a single growing season due to their masses of wind-borne seeds. During the growing season, cattails are more water-dependent than bulrushes. Typically, hardstem bulrush [Scirus acutus] is used in wet projects and restoration. Bulrushes are much slower than cattails in establishment and spread because they are spread primarily through underground rods rather than seeds. Bulrushes can handle and withstand long, dry periods better than cattails. There are some noted differences between cattail and bulrush as emerging vegetation, but a notable commonality between them is their special adaptation when transporting oxygen from the air to their roots so that they can grow in still flooded but shallow waters. Both cattail and bulrush are established quickly (although as mentioned earlier, bulrushes are still slower than cattails upon establishment), and both can tolerate poor quality water. Bulrusher, however, tends to grow in deeper water, while cattails prefer low water.
Bulrushes are different wetland herbs (aquatic) from the genus Scirpus. They are annual or perennial plants that are medium to high in height. Also known as tulle, wool grass and rotten grass, this herbaceous plant can grow up to 10 meters high; They are found throughout North America and Eurasia.
They are divided into groups of soft stem [Scirpus validus] and hard-rooted [Scirpus tabernaemontani] bulrushes, found in the Cyperaceae family. These two species are very similar in their appearance and share common habits with regard to the areas in which they grow. Bulrushes are often used in constructed wetlands to treat agricultural NPS pollution and for the creation and restoration of wetlands. One of the plants used for this type of project is the species called Giant Bulrush aka & # 39; Restorer & # 39 ;. It is considered a superior plant for this, especially in the southeastern states. Now you may wonder: What is NPS pollution and where does it come from? & # 39; Good question!
NPS is abbreviated as "pollution from pollution" from coal and metal mining, the photography and textile industry, agricultural and urban areas, the wastewater of municipal waste, municipal wastewater, stormwater, and other soil degradation activities that adversely affect 30- 50% of American waterways. An affordable and efficient means of handling and cleaning different wastewater is with constructed wetlands. For nearly 60 years, researchers have researched and reported on the use of natural or constructed wetlands and their effectiveness and ability to clean contaminated water. In 1989, such a researcher named Hammer defined designed wetlands for wastewater treatment as "a branched and man-made complex of saturated substrates, emerging and underlying vegetation, wildlife and water that simulate natural wetlands for human use and benefits."  Bulrushen [Scirpus spp] is a vegetation species grown in shallow beds or canals that contain a rhodium medium such as sand and / or gravel are effective to help regulate water flow. At the same time, biochemical reactions occur on the submerged parts of the plants and within the wetlands. Oxygen is made passively available to biochemical reactions mainly by diffusion of air into the system (Rogers et al., 1991). In the United States alone, over 56 FWS systems (Fish and Wildlife Service) process 95 million gallons a day of runoff and wastewater (Reed, 1991).
Bulrushes are reed-like and have long, solid leaves, olive-green, three-sided stems and hanging clusters of small, often brown spikelets found near the stinging tips. The tribal bases have a few blurred leaves. The roots (or rhizomes) produce edible tubers. The tip of the bulrusher blossoms with lumps of reddish or straw-colored flowers that become hard-seeded fruits in the period from April to August.
They are often found along the coast of swampy or mushroomed areas; such as wet places like the edges of shallow lakes, ponds, marshes, fresh and braked marshes, wet forests, slow walks and streams. They can grow as high as 10 feet in moist soils, and in low or deep water from 1 and 9 ft of water respectively. Bulrushen is dense rhizomatous with ample seed production.
Scirpus species almost always occur under natural conditions in wetlands. They are divided into groups of soft stem [Scirpus validus] and tough [Scirpus tabernaemontani] bulrushes, found in the Cyperaceae family. These two species are quite similar in their appearance. Leaners can grow to 10 feet and grow in dense colonies from rhizomes. The stem has a round (in cross section), light gray-green, relatively soft stem, reaching a point without clear leaves (only at the bottom of the stems). Flowers usually appear just below the peak, from July to September. They grow in the places mentioned in the first paragraph, where the soil is poorly drained or continuously saturated. As far as ecological importance goes, the bushrush strain can triple its biomass during a growing season. An area that enjoys this bulrush is urban wetlands where soft stem brushes can be and have been used to reduce polluting loads carried by the flow of stormwater.
The hard-rooted bullet (bullet, black root) is a perennial herb with a compulsory [restricted to a particular condition in life] robust rhizomatous wetland that forms dense colonies. The stems of this bulrush are upright and slender, sharp to soft triangular; typically reach 3-10 meters high. Likewise, the leaves are slender leaves that are dressed around the long stem. Flowers are brown spikelets. The plate can have 3 to many spikelets, which are oval to cylindrical. Nutlets are completely covered in white-brown scales and have 6 basic brushes. Bulrushes have stout rootstocks and long, thick brown underground stems [rhizomes]. The tough bulrush has a much higher tolerance for mixosaline conditions than the soft stem. It regrows well after removal and is flammable.
Submerged parts of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. These invertebrates are again used as food of fish and other wildlife species (eg amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). After aquatic plants, their biodegradation of bacteria and fungi (called "detritus") kills many aquatic invertebrates. Seeds of bulrush are consumed by ducks and other birds, while geese, muskrats and nutria consume rhizomes and early shoots. Muscrats and beavers like to use this emerging wetland vegetation for food as well as for hut construction, which improves the habitats of wetlands.
Bulrushes have been and used by many cultures for medical purposes as well as
In provinces of Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui and Zhejiang, China uses bulrush in tea, decoctions and extracts. Bulrushen is believed to be effective and most commonly used to stop bleeding, whether it is caused by injury or an internal disorder. It is also used to treat painful menstrual and postpartum abdominal pain. Evidence has shown that spine extracts can also reduce the amount of lipids in the blood as well as be effective in treating colitis.
Indigenous Americans would park the edible rhizomes (seeds) high in protein and very starchy, grind them into a powder for flour, mix it with water, boil it and eat it like porridge. The young shots are considered a delicacy, whether they are eaten in the raw form or cooked. Bulrush can be used for syrup and / or sugar used in salad or eaten as a boiled vegetable. The syrup is dried out to produce sugar, and the pollen can be used to make bread and cakes.
They also made a poultice from the stems to stop bleeding and to treat snakebitters. The roots can be treated and used to treat abscesses.
& # 39; boneset & # 39; Tea was a popular remedy used by Indians and pioneers to treat general aches and malaise. It is said to have the most effective relief for the influenza epidemics of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It is still popular as an herbal tea and is used as a tonic for colds, reduces perspiration and promotes bone healing. It is the belief that it actually helps in bone healing that gave "boneset & # 39; To its name. Modern medical research confirms these benefits, stating that the connections of boneset tea stimulate the immune system.
Some Indians will chew bulrush roots as preventive to thirst. They also used the ash from roasted stalk to put on a baby's bleeding navy.
Sticks are used to weave strong sleeping mats, ropes, baskets, purses, hats, skirts, sandals, curtains, temporary yachts, canoes and rafts and other household items. The plant must grow in rough textured soil, free from gravel, silt and clay if the roots are to be used for quality curving. The root was searched for the black color which was wanted to highlight patterns created by the manufacture of a basket.
The benefits and uses of bulrush, both organic, medical and creative, make it worth taking into account wetland plantation zones and original restaurant scenery.